How is the 2019-nCoV transmitted?
The 2019-nCoV outbreak started in the city of Wuhan in China and more precisely in a local market (closed since January 1st) where animals are sold, this is why the hypothesis of a zoonosis (disease transmitted by animals) is dominated. The risk of transmission is by close contact, that is to say, when we are in continual contact with a sick person who develops Corona Virus symptoms. If the latter, coughed or sneezed within one meter of us without effective protection, the virus is likely to propagate.
How to protect yourself?
The main recommendations, for the moment, mainly concern people who travel to areas affected by the virus. It is necessary to:
- Avoid contact with animals, living or dead;
- Avoid going to markets where live or dead animals are sold.
- Avoid close contact with people suffering from a serious respiratory infection.
- Do not eat uncooked or undercooked meat.
- Wash your hands regularly with soapy water or with alcohol-based solutions.
Should we wear a mask?
According to the World Health Organization, wearing a surgical mask is recommended only for people who manifest symptoms of the disease to avoid spreading it by air. On the other hand, for people who are not sick, it is “not recommended and its effectiveness has not been demonstrated”.
What to do in case of suspected cases?
For people who have stayed in China recently and have symptoms of respiratory infection with fever, it is imperative to:
- Contact the local emergency service to communicate the symptoms and the information about the duration you spent in China.
- Do not go to your doctor or the emergency room to avoid infecting others.
- Wear a surgical mask when in contact with other people.
- Use disposable wiper.
- Wash your hands regularly.
- If you are in China, see a local doctor quickly, or contact the Chinese emergency service.
For people who have been in contact with a person affected by the virus, it’s highly recommended to:
- Call the emergency service if you have symptoms.
- Measure your temperature twice a day, daily.
- Continue to monitor for 14 days after the last contact with the patient.
- Wear a mask if symptoms appear.
- It is important to regularly consult the official health recommendations of the World Health Organization, since the advice are updated and reassessed according to the evolution of the international epidemiological situation.